Initial + Finals + Tones = Syllable

Syllable (音节)

一般说来每一个汉字是一个音节。这是汉语的一大特点。
Every single Chinese character in the normal written font occupies the same amount of space when written. Usually, each character has only one syllable, which is a prominent feature of Chinese.

Initials and Finals (声母和韵母)

音节是由声母、韵母和声调组成,韵母本身也可以成为音节(称为“零声母”)。 在一个音节中,开头部分的辅音是声母,声母后面的部分叫韵母。韵母又可分为单韵母(单元音韵母)、复韵母(复元音韵母)、鼻韵母三类,还有一个特殊韵母。
A syllable consists of initial, final and tone. A final can be a syllable on its own; in this case, it is called a “null initial”. In a given syllable, the consonant at the beginning is called an “initial”. Next to the initial is a “final”. “Finals” can be further divided into three categories: simple finals, compound finals and nasal finals. Aside, there is also a special final – the r-finals.

Tones (声调)

声调指整个音节的高低升降的变化。
The tone marks are used to indicate the pitch as well as the change of tone in the entire syllable.

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This entry was posted on Monday, January 25th, 2010 at 6:52 pm and is filed under Lessons, Pinyin. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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